Three Divisions of the Tanak
the Law of Moses (Torah) and the Prophets (Nevi'im) and the Psalms (Ketuvim) must be fufilled."
|Traditionally, the Hebrew or “Jewish” Bible has been divided into three sections: the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings.
Christian Bibles have traditionally followed the book order of the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible called the “Septuagint” or “Translation of the Seventy” (abbreviated: LXX). This was done by Jewish scholars in Alexandria, Egypt, beginning around 250 BC/E.
In the Middle Ages, Jews began to refer to their Bible as “Tanakh.” This is an acronym— TaNaKH—using the initial letters of the three divisions: Torah, Nevi'im, Ketuvim. (At the end of words the “K” is typically pronounced as a guttural letter, Kh). Some sources the spell the word: Tanach or Tanak.
Below are the three divisions of the Tanakh along with the traditional Hebrew book titles (and their meanings), the Greek/Septuagint book titles, and their common English forms in English Bible translations.
Torah - The Law
Hebrew Title Hebrew Meaning Greek/LXX Title English Title Torah Teaching Nomos Law Breishit In the beginning Genesis Genesis Shemot Names Exodus
Exodus Vayyiqra And he called Leuitikon Leviticus Bemidbar In the wilderness Arithmoi Numbers Devarim Words or Deeds Deuteronomion
Nevi'im / History / Prophets (Former)
Hebrew Title Hebrew Meaning Greek/LXX Title English Title Nevi'im Prophets (Former) (History) History Yehoshua The Lord saves Yesous Joshua Shoftim Judges Kritai Judges Shmuel Alef, Beit Samuel A (1), B (2) Basileion A, B
(Kings A & B)
1 & 2 Samuel Melachim Alef, Beit Kings A (1), B (2) Basileon C & D
1 & 2 Kings Nevi'im Prophets (Latter) Prophetai Prophets Yeshayah(u) Salvation of the Lord Esaias Isaiah Yirmeyah(u) Raised up by the Lord Yeremias Jeremiah Yehezkiel God will strengthen Yezekiel Ezekiel
Nevi'im / History / Prophets (Latter)
Hebrew Title Hebrew Meaning Greek/LXX Title English Title Nevi'im Prophets
(The Twelve Minor)
Prophetai Prophets Hoshea He saves Osee Hosea Yo'el The Lord is God Yoel Joel Amos Burden bearer Amos Amos Ovadyah Servant of the Lord Obdias Obadiah Yonah Dove Yonas Jonah Micah Who is like [God] Michaias Micah Nahum Comforter Naum Nahum Havaqquk Embrace Ambakoum Habakkuk Tzefanyah Hidden by the Lord Sophonias Zephaniah Haggai Festive Haggaios Haggai Zecharyah Remembered by the Lord Zacharias Zechariah Malachi My messenger Malachias Malachi
Ketuvim - Poetry
Hebrew Title Hebrew Meaning Greek/LXX Title English Title Ketuvim Writings Poetry Poetry Tehellim Praises Psalmoi Psalms Mishlei Proverbs Paroimiai Proverbs Iyyov Persecuted Yob Job Shir haShirim Song of Songs Asma Song of Songs Rut Friendship Routh Ruth Eychah How! Threnoi Lamentations Qohelet Gatherer, Preacher Ekklesiastes Ecclesiastes Ester Star Esther Esther Daniel God is judge Daniel Daniel Ezra Help Esdras Ezra Nechemyah The Lord comforts Neemias Nehemiah Divrei A, B Deeds A, B Paraleipomenon A, B 1 & 2 Chronicles